Analysis of the Nursing Theories

Jakimowicz, S., Perry, L., & Lewis, J. (2021). Bowen Family Systems Theory: Mapping a framework to support critical care nurses’ well‐being and care quality. Nursing Philosophy, 22(2), e12320. Web.

The article in question reviews the application of the Family Systems Theory to the work of critical care nurses from the standpoint of a positive impact on their well-being performance. The authors emphasize the complexity of the working environment in such departments and note the high workload that nurses face. Organizational criteria, such as management approaches, are seen as the factors that are not always effective in addressing the current challenges of nursing. As a framework to analyze the ways of enhancing critical care nurses’ performance and improving job perception, the Family Systems Theory is proposed and assessed in detail. The main components of this concept are analyzed, and its effects on specific manifestations of fatigue are examined. The ability to address nursing experiences at the systemic level while taking into account family, professional, and other criteria can reduce the stress level of staff and, at the same time, improve patient outcomes.

The concept under consideration carries significance as a model that reveals the causes of negative emotions and experiences and allows identifying specific drivers of stress. The authors state that because the Family Systems Theory includes eight conditions, each affecting the perception of the work environment, assessing these components is a convenient practice to evaluate specific incentives and their prerequisites. This article can be helpful in future nursing practice as a guideline that helps highlight the potential factors that determine the perception of the working environment and the mechanisms of stress mitigation according to specific criteria. As a result, this systematic approach eliminates the need for lengthy analytical work and contributes to an increase in job satisfaction among nursing staff.

Jeihooni, A. K., Kashfi, S. H., Bahmandost, M., & Harsini, P. A. (2018). Promoting preventive behaviors of nosocomial infections in nurses: The effect of an educational program based on health belief model. Investigacion y Educacion en Enfermeria, 36(1), e09. Web.

In this article, the mechanisms for enhancing the knowledge of the nursing staff are examined in the context of an educational program based on the Health Belief Model and promoting the training of skills to avoid nosocomial infections. The study includes a four-month course during which relevant change improvement initiatives are promoted to create an enabling environment for nurses to acquire valuable preventive skills. The theoretical model is applied as a basis for studying health behaviors among medical personnel to identify the corresponding attitudes and beliefs regarding the addressed issue. As a result of the work done, all the nurses involved have demonstrated a significant increase in knowledge about the nuances of nosocomial infections and studied the factors of personal responsibility and susceptibility to the problem. The intervention is a potentially effective measure to be implemented across nursing teams to increase staff knowledge and promote relevant preventive measures.

The Health Belief Model is the main theoretical framework for this study. The authors define it as a concept that makes it possible to measure the personal views of the involved participants on the issue under consideration, particularly nosocomial infections in nurses. The theory is also helpful as a tool for assessing perceived barriers and benefits, which, in turn, can allow addressing specific beliefs and creating an effective communication environment. This article can be used in future nursing practice and help healthcare professionals acquire helpful knowledge regarding the prevention of nosocomial infections and the development of necessary behaviors. Moreover, the perception of work responsibilities can improve if nurses follow the study recommendations and adhere to the essential hygiene and waste disposal practices.

Lin, H. C. (2016). Impact of nurses’ cross‐cultural competence on nursing intellectual capital from a social cognitive theory perspective. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 72(5), 1144-1154. Web.

The article assesses the prospects for increasing interprofessional communication through strengthening the cross-cultural competencies of nursing staff, and as a conceptual framework, the Social Cognitive Theory is applied. The authors consider the ways of improving healthcare personnel interaction and the possibilities of increasing intellectual capital by using the variables of self-efficacy, organizational climate, and outcome expectation. The information from the target participants allows a conclusion about the high role of outcome expectation and its impact on nursing cross-cultural competencies. Establishing productive communication by assessing the psychological drivers of specific organizational behaviors improves the quality of nursing work in teams. In addition, cross-cultural competencies correlate directly with the enhancement of intellectual capital, and this relationship is valuable in the context of an opportunity to develop a practical management approach. Employees’ perceptions are utilized as a background, and social cognition is seen as a direct driver of organizational behavior.

Concerning the Social Cognitive Theory, the article offers a sufficient rationale to explain the relevance of this concept in the study. The analysis of professional behavior through the assessment of personal cognition helps identify personal views on various aspects of work. As a result, by comparing the relevant factors among the participants, the authors have obtained an objective picture of the perception of the professional environment, which, in turn, can be used with the benefit of improving the necessary skills. As applied to future nursing practice, the outcomes of the article can help increase knowledge about the role of cross-cultural competencies and the importance of adequate interaction in diverse teams. Based on the research findings, junior medical professionals can gain valuable insight into the ways of accumulating intellectual capital.

Morse, J. M. (2018). Theoretical coalescence: A method to develop a qualitative theory: The example of enduring. Nursing Research, 67(2), 177-187. Web.

The key goal of this article is to highlight research mechanisms that affect theoretical coalescence as an approach that expands the possibilities of qualitative research. As a background, the authors analyze the nursing field and, among others, assess the relevance of the Praxis Theory of Suffering to this topic. Improving care outcomes is seen in direct correlation with the ability to conduct qualitative research in a deep context by applying not only an inquiry approach but also be guided by other factors, for instance, respondents’ emotional states. The search for justification in such studies can be simplified and accelerated by utilizing the method of theoretical coalescence. Enduring is considered one of the essential assessment parameters, and this criterion is defined as one of the main factors that allow obtaining objective data in qualitative research regarding recovery challenges.

The aforementioned Praxis Theory of Suffering is one of the tools in this article that allows identifying specific patient behavior patterns and building adaptive care plans in accordance with them. The factors of emotional suffering and enduring are part of this model, and in this study, they are actively used in developing approaches to enhancing theoretical coalescence. With regard to future nursing work, this article has some value, but overall, its results have more theoretical than practical benefits. Exploring the principles of the Praxis Theory of Suffering and its impact on patient outcomes is superficial in the article as it focuses on its more profound components. However, with the understanding of how to increase the credibility and reliability of research, future nurses can conduct more productive scholarly activities and deal with complex cases successfully due to sufficient primary data.

Peres de Oliveira, P., Leão Santos, K., de Lourdes Silva, F., Quadros Dias, A. C., da Silveira, E. A., & de Azevedo Guimarães, E. A. (2017). Evaluation and intervention in the family of adolescents with sickle cell disease. Journal of Nursing UFPE/Revista de Enfermagem UFPE, 11(4), 1552-1564. Web.

The assessment of an appropriate methodology for the care of adolescents diagnosed with sickle cell disease is the key goal of this article. The authors consider family-level intervention as one of the potentially effective assistance measures for the target audience. Interaction with adolescents’ parents is seen as a mechanism that allows establishing a stable regime of therapy sessions and contributes to the socialization of patients with this ailment. The Family Assessment and Intervention Model is a theoretical concept used as a background for practical work. As additional factors to consider, family relationships and microclimate, anxiety level, and accompanying psychosocial criteria are also involved. Based on the research results, the authors conclude that close interaction with adolescents’ families is a successful practice that helps obtain important information about the influence of loved ones on patients’ emotional states. This communication also contributes to searching for relevant forms of family learning, which can be effective.

The Family Assessment and Intervention Model is the central concept used in the research and is seen as a valuable intervention methodology. The authors argue that this theory has proven to be effective in identifying characteristic relationships within families which affect the emotional state of adolescents diagnosed with sickle cell disease. The individual perceptions of patients and their parents generated by utilizing this concept have become the basis for drawing up care plans and therapy sessions. For a future nursing practitioner, this article can be usefully applied as a guideline demonstrating alternative ways of interacting with the community and maintaining productive communication with vulnerable populations. In addition, the knowledge of patient-centered care can also be improved due to this research and its findings.

Selçuk‐Tosun, A., & Zincir, H. (2019). The effect of a transtheoretical model-based motivational interview on self‐efficacy, metabolic control, and health behavior in adults with type 2 diabetes mellitus: A randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Nursing Practice, 25(4), e12742. Web.

This article reviews the outcomes of the implications of the Transtheoretical Model of Behavioral Change on health-related behavioral patterns of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. As a tool for interacting with target patients and collecting data, motivational interviews are used. In addition to behavioral patterns, metabolic control and self-efficacy parameters are utilized as dependent variables. Along with general research criteria, particularly diagnosis, concomitant personality characteristics are identified, including biometric data, information about physical activity, and other data that may affect the behavior of the target participants. In accordance with the results of the work done, the motivating approach and the used theoretical framework have proved to be practical tools for influencing the study participants’ behavior. Revealing the readiness of patients to follow lifestyle strategies prescribed by physicians in accordance with the course of treatment has become the main indicator determining the results of the research performed.

The Transtheoretical Model of Behavioral Change is a concept that fits perfectly into this research context and creates a productive interaction environment between healthcare professionals and patients. Promoting behavior change is a frequent nursing initiative, and the model includes the key components regarding both general criteria for assessment and individual characteristics. This influences patients’ behavioral decisions effectively and motivates them to improve health outcomes. In their practice, future nursing practitioners can use the results of this research as a rationale to support the application of such a methodology in the work process and promote person-centered learning courses. Moreover, the article is helpful from the perspective of studying communication principles, which are essential for creating a supportive care environment and involving patients with severe diagnoses in educational programs.

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