Discussing and exploring the issue of contemporary China, it is necessary to describe and analyze facts that influenced and caused the given process. Those issues are the post-Mao reforms (since 1976), their nature, and their scope. The relevant problem to discuss within this context would be the question of post-Mao reforms repudiate or do not repudiate Maoist and Marxist ideals.
Those key issues enable one to understand both: the political situation in contemporary China, starting from 1976, and its influence on the social and domestic sphere as well as on the international situation.
Following the above-mentioned theses, it is necessary to outline that such reforms were represented in different programs that influenced the entire spectrum of life. Here might be regarded the process of repudiation from Maoist and Marxist ideals of Mao’s China. The upper written thesis might be proved with the wide range of facts that show a certain change in the governmental policy toward education that was formerly used, as an ideology instrument, during Mao’s rule.
In support of this, it should be pointed out that within the post–Mao reforms new government revised and implemented new progressive teaching techniques, suggested new methods of learning and assessment.
But, on the other hand, it must be pointed out that some theorists suggest that the cover of China’s rule may have changed but the content of its methods remains the same. Referring to the credible scholar in this sphere, it might be suggested the following information in support of the above-provided point of view: “There have been preliminary forays into textbook pluralism and gradual devolution of curriculum development. History education professionals, however, are fully cognizant of their subject’s ‘sensitivity, and reforming goals and content of both the predictive and active curriculum has thus been a cautious endeavor” (Wang, 2002, chapter 4).
Following the above-mentioned contrary positions, it would be relevant to generalize them and outline the key issues within their context and support them with undisputable and credible facts. First of all, it is necessary to mention that after Mao’s death in 1976, the post-Mao CCP (China’s Communist Party) government discarded Mao’s cult, stating that: “while in a general sense Mao Zedong remained a great Marxist – Leninist, he had committed mistakes throughout his career” (Saich, 2004, chapter 5).
In support of this statement here might be provided facts of repudiation of the Cultural Revolution and prohibition of Mao’s theory of continuous and persistent revolution. All these innovations in the governmental policy of the pots – Mao reforms period caused China’s international opening to the outside world.
Following the development of international relations with the outside world, the market-oriented, but still based on socialist principles, the economy was brought up. This led to the efficient amazing growth of the Chinese economy.
Regarding social and domestic issues within the context of the problem of interest, it is necessary to point out that, on the other hand, the above-mentioned economic growth in China, caused the creation of divisions in Chinese society on rich and poor citizens. To improve the situation in the social sector, the government used effective methods (newly called, but based on Mao’s ideology).
After discussing and analyzing all of the above-mentioned problems of interest, it is necessary to conclude that Maoist egalitarianism, as well as Marxist ideals, was officially repudiated both: as an ideal base (way of life) and social reality. But after studying and analyzing the problem of the contemporary China dipper, the researcher can state that the cover of China’s rule may have changed but the content of its methods remains the same.
Wang, James C.F. 2002. Contemporary Chinese Politics, 7th ed., Prentice-Hall, Englewood, NJ.
Saich, Tony. 2004. Governance and Politics of China, 2nd ed., Palgrave, New York.