The reality of the contemporary world includes different testing processes maintained and used all over the world for better improvement of peoples’ lives and further researches in the scientific framework. Scientific thought goes farther than it is known for today. Right at this moment throughout the world scholars are trying to find out the mysterious structure of various mechanisms of evolution and functioning of living beings. In other words, scientists still know little about the nature of definite organisms and their implementation for human use. In this respect, it is apparent that the world is full of numerous diseases caused by tiny organisms. It is also known that such tiny organisms can be used for a beneficial destination. Both sides of one story provide an idea of whether scientific researches should prop up against testing on animals or not. The bilateral character of the issue is outlined both with the scientific (rational) and humane (behavioral) approaches. Still, it is necessary to work out all pros and cons of the problem.
First of all, the history of mankind provides different examples when before exploring something new people used animals. It was so in first attempts to explore the space, the depths of the ocean, etc. The main motives for this touched upon the preciousness of a man’s life. On the other hand, this rationale is asserted with the tendency of people to create new possibilities in the era of high technologies. This is why people worldwide are attempted to find solutions for their problems in medical or biomedical spheres due to the experiments on animals.
Protection of animals
On the other hand, many activists oppose such a strategy of medics and researchers, because it is not human and directly omits the points on morale. This evaluation is grounded on the human callings to save helpless animals from the man’s harmful impacts. It is true that for a normal man experiments on animals can be considered with supposed martyrdom. Such thought then becomes outrageous for an individual. As a result, there are many organizations aimed at protecting animals from the disastrous influence of laboratory researches. Some among them are PETA, Animal Liberation Front, etc.
Looking at the division of the animal world into lower and higher types and species the scientists must have an idea of the current situation in this sphere as well as obvious lack of progression within animals, in particular. In other words, science should determine and illuminate which species are more applicable for the experiments: “Perhaps the most desirable solution to the animal-testing controversy is to find ways of testing products that provide the same toxicological information but do not use “higher” animals (such as mammals) or at least do not inflict pain or kill them” (McKinney et al 388). In other words, testing should be applied with the behavioral correct attitude toward the essence of the experiment. It also constitutes that the world cannot develop without applicable researches. Mankind should not go by the pathway of degradation.
The ethical concerns
Nonetheless, the flow of scientific thought is in its dynamics. This means that the more people explore, the more beneficial become their positions in life. Such an idea concerns whole nations competing in the world arena. Though, the ethical approach also describes nations’ prerogatives. More attention on the finding out consensus within the society can be helpful for no conflicts as of the issue under analysis. For this purpose, the scientist should take into account some points which are rational for an experiment. All in all, such prescriptions for any animal testing should include the following points:
- The use of the research for society;
- Acceptable species are to be chosen for the hypothesis;
- Pain, suffering, and martyrdom should be lessened;
- The number of animals for an experiment should be as small as possible (LeDoux 16).
The ethical concerns in animal-testing programs will help to prevent people from having an amoral attitude toward the wilderness. Furthermore, the adoption of such standards should be performed as an official document within countries of the world. It can stimulate the growth of current species of animals. Also, it can prevent animals from possible extinction. Every scientific goal as of the biomedical properties of animals should be correlated in a mandatory character, because of the real menace of some animals or animal groups’ extinction.
To sum up, a deeper outlook on the use of animals for the natural circulation of life can diminish a hazardous influence of a man. Man can do more harm than benefits for nature. This is why animal testing should be provided with more attention on the ethical approach toward the problem, so that not to be cruel toward living beings. It is so because testing cannot be stopped at all. Thus, there should be alternative rational ways for the improvements of the current vital issue of mankind. The more ethical steps are provided, the more chances to be in safety are at the wildlife’s disposal.
LeDoux, Mark. Animal models of movement disorders. St. Louis Missouri: Academic Press, 2005.
McKinney, Michael L., Schoch, Robert M. and Yonavjak, Logan. Environmental science: systems and solutions. Ed. 4. Sudbury, MA: Jones & Bartlett Publishers, 2007.