The problem of overdrawing the surface water is very important nowadays and it is the object of study of many scientists and specialists. The problem itself originated from the fact that with the development of civilization people use more and more water from surface sources. Water from these sources is being used as drinking water, and also as water for industrial purposes and other purposes to secure human existence at a high level of comfort.
The problem of water shortages that arise from this can be solved by employing water overdrawing which is proposed by some scientists, but they hesitate to implement the problem because they are not sure about the consequences (Berg, pp. 13 – 15). So, here is the plan that I offer to solve the problem of surface water overdrawing.
My sustainability plan developed to solve the problem of surface water overdrawing lies in the following steps. First of all, as far as the scientists are not sure about the effects of overdrawing, we should consider thoroughly all possible ways of the development of the situation after the overdrawing is implemented. Secondly, we should find out what regions have a considerable supply of surface water sources that is more than enough for the region and some water can be taken out from there.
Thirdly, after such areas are detected, we should put into practice the technological side of the matter. To be more exact, we should buy the necessary equipment for the process of overdrawing and hire the qualified staff that will be taught to operate the equipment. Then, consequently, the works with the overdrawing itself should be carried out. They will include the preparation of the area where the water will be overdrawn, development of the routes for overdrawing, digging the ways and channels water will be directed at, and finally, the assurance that the water will be supplied in good quality and acceptable amounts (CNCS, 2007).
To secure the conduct of all the necessary operations in time, the following measures should be taken. First of all, responsible and reliable people should be appointed to heading positions of the operations. This means that all operations should be controlled by people with certain knowledge and skills. For example, these people shall know what equipment will be the best for these purposes and where the equipment of the best quality can be ordered and bought.
Then, the equipment should be bought and delivered to the indicated area of the works in time. The teaching of staff to work with the equipment will take approximately 1 – 2 months. After it, the qualified staff will be able to work at a higher speed and with greater efficiency. Preparation of the area water will be overdrawn to will also take about a month, so these two activities can be carried out simultaneously to save time. And as soon as the above-mentioned activities are carried out with the proper diligence, the water overdrawing can be started without any risks to the environment and life and work of people.
Many scholars will eagerly confront my proposal as they think that water overdrawing is a quite harmful procedure that can not be carried out without considerable damage to the environment. The main idea of the opposing point of view is that water overdrawing changes irreversibly the picture of relations of natural elements and damage the environmental balance that was typical for this or that area. The supporters of this very point of view offer their solution to the problem that will provide the necessary supplies of water for the region where there are water shortages and at the same time will not be so dangerous for nature and people.
They propose to deliver the demanded amounts of water to those regions by certain transport life ships of trains with cisterns filled with drinking water or the water for other purposes. Although this way of the problem solution is rather expensive, the supporters of it claim that the environmental damages that can happen because of water overdrawing will cost much more than the implementation of their program (Gleick, pp. 23 – 45).
Needless to say, water overdrawing is risky because of the possible damage to the environment, and basically to the water. Water, overdrawn from another area can be of poor quality and can cause the eutrophication of water sources that will result in the change of the biological balance of the area and influence negatively the biological organisms, animals, and people living in the area. Another negative effect of the overdrawing can be the destruction of the coastal lines due to the new streams of water.
Because of this, the climate, as well as the marine life can be damaged and changed drastically. Oceanic resources will also be damaged by water overdrawing because it may bring not only mineral and artificial pollutants to the ocean but also the biological species of fish and other representatives of the fauna that will destroy the balance of the oceanic resources (Postel, pp. 34 – 46).
Life of people and the whole community can also be affected by overdrawing. My plan can influence it both positively and negatively. The positive effect of overdrawing for the community will lie in the appearance of new working places for people from that area and in the increase of their profit.
Another advantage is that people will finally get access to pure drinking water and their health care standards will improve. Negative effects are possible damages to the environment that will be reflected in people’s lives. These points I consider to be the main limits of my plan because it can not be properly carried out without paying attention to them and making certain improvements.
Berg, L.R., & Hager, M.C. (2007). Visualizing Environmental science. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & sons.
Corporation for National & Community Service. (n.d.). Sample sustainability plan. In Toolkit for program sustainability, capacity building, and volunteer recruitment/management (Section 4). Web.
Gleick, P. (2007). The World’s Water 2006 – 2007: The Biennial Report On Freshwater Resources (World’s Water). Island Press.
Postel, S. (2007). Last Oasis: Facing Water Scarcity. W. W. Norton & Company.