The Chronic Pain Syndrome: Causes and Treatment

Chronic pain syndrome is a form of disease affecting an arm or a leg. It usually grows when one is injured, when they undergo surgery, because of stroke, and prolonged physical, emotional, and social stress. There are several evidence-based treatment modalities for this syndrome that helps in reducing the chronic pain. The signs of chronic pain are: muscle ache, fatigue, sleep problem, burning pain, joint pain and loss of stamina. Different patients suffering from the chronic pain disease often have underlying disorders such as opioid use, mental disorder and dialysis. These disorders always tend to be an obstacle in the management and the treatment of the chronic pain illness.

Most people with opioid use disorder usually suffer from chronic pain disease. The disease can be managed through complementary therapies and nonpharmacologic such as physical therapy, therapeutic exercise, cognitive-behavioral therapy, and addressing schizophrenia that may render to inability to manage this pain. A thorough assessment is conducted to determine the nature and origin of the pain, what the pain causes, physical status, mental status, and conditions and disorders that occurs frequently. Patients suffering from both opioid use and chronic pain disorders are likely to have schizophrenia. Therefore, the patient should be screened to ensure they have no any mental disorders. This is because the mental disorder tends to complicate the treatment by making the patient to be more anxious. Providers and patients undergoing treatment modalities should underscore the risks involved and essence of pain management among those who take remedies to cure the disorder of opioid use. For example, “patients taking naltrexone should not be prescribed opioids because, as an antagonist, it will block the effects of these drugs.” (Chronic pain management, n.d.). Providers should complete all assessment and understand them the pain of the patient.

Dialysis patients are likely to suffer from chronic pain symptom. Most of the time the pain is not recognized in these patients and hence undertreated. Optimal treatment should, therefore, be taken for effective pain management of these patients. Dialysis patients often feel different kinds of pain. The pain can be in body cells, visceral, nociceptive and neuropathic. The neuropathic pain usually affects the patients having dialysis and the use of opioids should be minimized when identifying the pain. Instead, the patient should use adjuvant analgesic such as antidepressant. Davison insists on continuing review of the consequences of chronic opioid use on symptom burden and functional status (Davison, 2012). Having known the symptoms, actions should be taken by administering remedies to reduce or manage the pain.

Patients and providers fear the opioid addiction due to their dangerous consequences. Dialysis patients typically experience chronic pain, debilitating symptoms such as anorexia, fatigue, nausea, insomnia, anxiety, and depression as well as end-of-life issues, all of which may interfere with psychosocial and physical coping strategies (Davison, 2012). Opioid addiction Fears cannot limit appropriate pain management to these patients. Therefore, physicians who have this fear when treating dialysis patient who have chronic pain disease should consult the professions in the field.

There are remedies of opioid treatment for patients suffering from chronic pain disease. This form of pain is well identified as that pain which last for more than three months up to the sixth after getting it. It stays in the patient more time than that which the body tissue takes to heal. “From 1999 to 2014, over 165,000 people died from overdose related to prescription opioids in the United States, with an estimated 17,087 prescription opioid overdose deaths in 2016.” (Opioid treatments for chronic pain , n.d.). In as much as there is a way to cure opioid, for instance, therapy treatment and use of drugs, it is clear that they cause addiction and death.

A master’s prepared nurse should be informed that patients suffering from chronic pain illness would most likely have an accompanied disorder; therefore, they should be handled with care during the treatment modality. They should then perform a thorough assessment to understand the kind of pain and then screen the patient to see whether they have underlying disorders. The most important information presented in this case reveals the fact that chronic pain is a deadly disease and so patients suffering from it should not overdose when managing and treating it. The most confusing information in this case is the fact that chronic patients who have mental disorder are at risk of dying since they might have anxiety. Patients with chronic pain “should stretch, practice good posture and move gently, stay active, reduce stress and practice relaxation techniques, and pace themselves” (Schumann, 2020). They should also address possible complications which increases pain, purpose for activities that break monotony, and get adequate bed rest.

Chronic pain disease is a very serious condition that is among the causes of suffering to the victims. It, therefore, should be addressed properly with a lot of care and attention. It normally lasts for six months, but for some victims the illness goes for years or even in their whole life. The cure for chronic pain has not yet been discovered. It can only be cured once the source of the pain is treated.


Chronic pain management. (n.d.). Web.

Opioid treatments for chronic pain . (n.d.). Web.

Davison, S.N. (2012). A painful dilemma. Web.

Schumann, M. (2020). 8 tips for managing chronic pain. Web.

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