Self-Care Deficit Nursing Theory (SCDNT) Infographic
Many theories can provide an efficient conceptual framework for nurses. The self-care deficit nursing theory (SCDNT) developed by Dorothea E. Orem focuses on the ability of the patients to perform self-care and the nurses’ role in the initial guidance development of those abilities (Petiprin, 2020). This infographic in question illustrates the connection between the SCDNT, socially accepted norms and values of care, practical implications, and patient benefits.
SCDNT is composed of four primary constructs that outline the roles of nurses and patients in their partnership. They discuss the patients’ characteristics that affect their capacity for action, basic conditioning factors, including individual ability to execute self-care activities, and environmental factors that may disrupt or contribute to such activities (Yip, 2021). Furthermore, the theory considers actions and items “required for the patient to achieve holistic self-care” and the overall ability to meet the established self-care needs and maintain health and well-being after nursing intervention (Yip, 2021). The theory also corresponds with the societal expectations, norms, and ethical principles of nursing. SCDNT allows for the attainting of the principles of autonomy, justice, beneficence, and non-maleficence. Specifically, the nursing education and guidance to meet self-care needs ensure patients can make informed decisions about their health and are not discriminated against in the health care settings (Gaines, 2021). Overall, SCDNT ensures all patients are provided with advice and knowledge that will assist them in making beneficial choices about their health and well-being.
SCDNT can be easily implemented in practice and guide the day-to-day activities of nurses. The conceptual framework based on the SCDNT outlines the activities of the nurses, explaining the steps that should be taken to deliver care in the medical facility, including patient guidance and education (Petiprin, 2020). Research shows that implementing SCDNT can substantially improve the quality of life of persons with chronic conditions (Khademian et al., 2020). Furthermore, after education on self-care, patients become more self-sufficient and maintain good health and well-being (De Oliveira et al., 2019). Thus, SCDNT provides nursing practitioners and their patients with an effective framework for meeting health needs within and outside health care settings.
De Oliveira, T. I., De Lima, N. L., Dos Santos, C. F., & De Farias, K. F. (2019). Systematization of nursing assistance (SAE) in the care of the victim patient of spinal cord injury in the light of Orem’s theory of self-care: Academics’ experience. Internal Journal of Sports Medicine and Rehabilitation, 2(1), 1–6. Web.
Gaines, K. (202). What is the nursing code of ethics? Nurse.org. Web.
Khademian, Z., Ara, F. K., & Gholamzadeh, S. (2020). The effect of self care education based on Orem’s nursing theory on quality of life and self-efficacy in patients with hypertension: A quasi-experimental study. International Journal of Community Based Nursing and Midwifery, 8(2), 140–149. Web.
Petiprin, A. (2020). Orem’s self-care deficit nursing theory. Nursing Theory. Web.
Yip, J. Y. (2021). Theory-based advanced nursing practice: A practice update on the application of Orem’s self-care deficit nursing theory. SAGE Open Nursing, 7, 1–7. Web.