The basis of professional nursing practice exists with the goal of providing exceptional care to all persons. To maintain high practice standards, the practice of nursing is controlled by national or state law in the majority of nations across the world. As a result, anybody seeking to enter and stay in the profession must meet specific training and education requirements stipulated by the government. Nursing is responsible for caring for people of various ethnicities and religious backgrounds. It is often a holistic treatment strategy that takes into account patients’ physical, emotional, psychological, intellectual, social, and spiritual needs. Nurses employ scientific theories and technology assistance to deliver this care for the most remarkable patient results. Each person, in their own way, represents the work of a nurse; for some, it is just a profession, but there are people for whom an essential part of their life and favorite work in which they want to improve. This work was written with the aim of telling about the details of the work of a nurse and expressing personal opinions.
As a result of nursing theories, nurses are able to explain the nature of their work better as well as why they perform it. A nurse’s theories help distinguish nursing as a distinct specialty from other fields. Basically, it is a set of principles and goals that are meant to drive patient care at a more foundational level. In this section, I would like to consider the theory that is fundamental to the nursing profession. There are many theories that improve the process of treatment and work with patients; however, in my opinion, the basic theory describes the process of a nurse in the best way.
General Systems Theory
Understanding the links and interactions among nursing’s core principles will be aided by an understanding of systems. A system is a collection of interconnected pieces that come together to produce a whole that serves a purpose. According to Black (2020), each component of a system is a necessary or integral component that must be present in order to form an entire, meaningful whole.
For a system to operate correctly, the input must contribute to the system’s goal. It is the essential element, such as information, energy, or matter, that enters a system and transforms it. In a system, the second component is the throughput. Throughput refers to the processes a system employs to turn raw resources into a form that may be utilized by the system or the environment. Essentially, the output is the system’s ultimate result or product. As a result, system outputs might vary considerably. The fourth aspect of a system is evaluation. According to Black (2020), evaluation is the process of determining whether or not a system’s output was successful or unsuccessful. In order for assessment to be relevant in any system, productivity or quality of products must be assessed against specific outcome criteria. After system evaluation, feedback is the process of conveying what was discovered. When a system receives feedback, it determines whether or not it has accomplished its goal or outcome.
Critical Thinking and Decision-Making in Nursing Practice
Critical thinking is described as the mental action or process and successfully seeing, analyzing, synthesizing, and evaluating acquired information through observation, experience, and conversation, which leads to a decision for action. Critical thinking is frequently mentioned in nursing education, as is its importance in everyday clinical nursing practice. Nursing clinical teachers understand that students confront challenges while making patient care decisions. Nursing students should practice critical thinking skills such as critical analysis, introductory and finalizing rationale, legitimate conclusions, separating facts from opinions, evaluating the validity of data sources, applying knowledge, and recognizing conditions during their nursing studies. Enhancing critical thinking requires specific actions. Critical thinking is an essential part of the nursing practice since it ensures that nurses are safe, efficient, and skilled. Nurse educators should embrace attitudes that encourage critical thinking and the use of critical reasoning abilities.
In my opinion, this theory is fundamentally related to critical thinking since, from the very beginning of the process of studying the patient’s problem, the nurse takes a responsible approach to every aspect, from the study of information to the final assessment and conclusions. Basic systems theory teaches nurses to think critically. This theory well describes how critical thinking should be applied step by step to get the final results.
Defining the Basics
To be effective, nursing as a profession must recognize its own unmatched body of knowledge – nursing science. Identifying, developing, and understanding nursing-related ideas and theories are necessary for nurses to distinguish this knowledge base. In nursing, the notion of what nursing is, what nurses do, and why they do it is the basis of science. Nursing is a distinct profession from medicine. Health care is founded on its own set of specialized medical knowledge.
Human beings possess individual capacities or qualities, such as reason, morality, awareness, or self-consciousness, and are members of socially formed social relationships such as family, property rights, or legal obligations. A person is an entity, such as a human, who possesses specific capacities or qualities that characterize personhood, which is defined variously by different writers in various fields, as well as by different civilizations in various eras and locations. People are typically employed in philosophical and legal writing contexts, where the word “person” is commonly used to refer to an entire nation or ethnic group.
In order to manage stress and live a longer, more active life, one must be in good physical and mental health. Rather than simply being free from sickness or infirmity, health is a condition of total physical, mental, and social well-being, not the goal of living, but a resource for everyday life. Health is a positive notion that emphasizes personal and social resources as well as physical qualities. Instead of being an aim in itself, health is a resource that supports an individual’s function in society. Unhealthy living prevents us from living the life we were meant to live.
Anything that surrounds people is considered to be part of our environment. There are live and non-living entities that can be included in this category. Physicochemical forces are included. The environment in which living creatures exist is called their environment. The surroundings influence the person’s progress. Environmental issues in the realm of medical services are constantly of concern. Society’s health demands that it be handled seriously. So that patients might feel better and more refreshed, the healthcare system provides extra services to maintain a healthy atmosphere. In order to be healthy at work, one must be protected, empowered, and contented. A location of physiological, mental, and social well-being promoting optimal health and safety, it is not only the absence of real and perceived risks to health.
Beliefs and Values
Altruism, independence, fundamental human rights, honesty, integrity, and social equality are among the nursing core principles. They reflect the humanistic and spiritual attitude to nursing that is primarily embraced by the worldwide population. As a result of foundational definitions and ideas, social justice may be defined in numerous different situations. The term refers to the equitable distribution and reallocation of wealth for positive health outcomes, the acknowledgment and removal of social and political obstacles that impair health, and the promotion of equal participation in decision-making for the allocation and utilization of healthcare resources. Practices, policies, and institutions that perpetuate homelessness, poverty, unemployment, and other social ills are included in this category. Interpreting what physicians say is a crucial aspect of nursing’s job. In addition, patients trust that nurses will be honest about the drugs they are delivering and would do it safely and effectively. Being a patient is complex, and the nurse’s honesty makes patients feel more comfortable. So that a person may provide competently and care, he or she must be aware of both oneself and others in order to maintain a healthy balance between their self-interest and that of others.
The nursing process can begin only until the patient and nurse have established a therapeutic nurse-patient connection (Black, 2020). This knowledge allows nurses to set reasonable expectations for the connection with their patients. An orientation, a working period, and an end phase are all consecutive stages that build on one another. An effective communication strategy for nurses involves addressing every patient encounter to understand the patient’s problems, experiences, and opinions. Communication skills, including verbal and nonverbal communication, active listening, and patient teach-back approaches, are required.
I believe that my level of communication is high enough, and I will be able to comply with all the norms of communication of a nurse. Excellent verbal communication is the key to success. Always strive to speak clearly, accurately, and honestly; I think I have this skill. I can also speak non-verbally, and this is also important in nursing. A simple smile can go a long way. I believe that my only flaw maybe this written communication. Unfortunately, I cannot write down the necessary information quickly; this is a matter of practice; however, I want to achieve maximum results.
The objective of professional nursing practice is to provide outstanding care to all people, regardless of their background. In the majority of countries, nursing is regulated by national or state law in order to maintain good practice standards. In nursing education, critical thinking is widely discussed, as is its relevance in clinical nursing practice. While making patient care decisions, nursing students face a number of obstacles, as their clinical instructors are well aware. Since it ensures that nurses are safe, efficient, and skilled, critical thinking is vital for nursing practice. Educators of nurses should foster critical thinking and the use of critical reasoning skills by adopting certain attitudes. The nurse’s theoretical framework can distinguish nursing as a unique specialty. Excellent verbal communication is the key to success. One of nursing’s fundamental values is altruism. Nurses are also trusted by patients to provide medications safely and honestly. Patients appreciate the nurse’s candor, which helps them feel more comfortable. Other nursing values include independence, respect for human rights, and social equality. Globally, nursing is characterized by a humanistic and spiritual outlook.
Black, B. P. (2020). Professional nursing: Concepts & challenges (9th ed.). Saunders.