An 11-year old boy had an anaphylaxis reaction, which is a new diagnosis of peanut allergy. A close examination of the boy revealed that he had a nettle rash on the neck, a swollen mouth and throat, an irregular heartbeat rate, anxiety, pain in the abdomen and a low blood pressure; he also experienced vomiting, and had a lot of pain when swallowing food. The boy lives with his father, a single parent, who works full time including the evenings. The boy is assisted by his grandmother who takes care of him most of the times.”
Children with peanut allergies need to be closely watched by their parents, custodians, and teachers. The 11-year old boy in the case study suffers from anaphylaxis, which is caused by peanut allergy; his case reveals the difficulties that the victims of peanut allergies go through. The most effective way to assist the boy is by developing a health education teaching plan through which he, his father, and the school teachers should be trained on the best strategies of handling the boy.
Teaching Plan Goal for all Participants
The main goal for developing the teaching plan is to design an outline that will assist to efficiently manage the peanut allergy problem in the 11-year old boy. The goal is incorporated into the teaching plan to ensure that it has a target to achieve. As a result, all the characters, including the boy, his father, grandmother and teachers, will have a common target that they should work toward. The goal makes it possible to determine what the characters are supposed to learn and what they ought to refrain from. Goals give the best direction for managing time for each plan and training the different characters (Rentfro, Hockenberry, & McCampbell, 2011).
Teaching Plan Objectives for all Participants
Although there are several behavioral objectives that could be formulated in relation to the teaching plan for the 11-year old boy, only two of these objectives have been outlined in this paper. The first objective is to encourage an in-depth understanding and recognition of the signs and symptoms of the peanut allergy which the boy suffers from. It is through this objective that the main goal can be achieved. The boy, his father, grandmother, and teachers must understand the signs and symptoms well to enable them to take the necessary steps whenever the boy encounters the allergy (Rentfro, Hockenberry, & McCampbell, 2011).
Plan for the Boy
Teaching children about food allergies is challenging and for that reason, it needs more care as they may not understand the concepts involved well. The first topic in the boy’s teaching plan will be to explain to him the main concepts relating to his allergy by using the most suitable age verbiage (Russell, Gosbee, & Huber, 2012). For instance, the trainer could tell the boy that he has a peanut allergy and if he eats them or any of their products, they are likely to affect his health.
Plan for his Father
Although the boy’s father spends very little time with the boy, it is necessary to educate him about the peanut allergy and the measures he is supposed to take to improve his child’s living standards.
Plan for his Grandmother
The boy’s grandmother is very important in his life as she takes care of him most of the times. She needs to have a thorough knowledge of the allergy and its reactions. The first topic in her teaching plan should be to train her on how to recognize the signs and symptoms of the allergy before it develops into other complications (Russell, Gosbee, & Huber, 2012).
Plan for his Teacher
The boy’s teacher if trained about the boy’s allergy can help prevent the boy from exposing himself to peanuts or peanut products in school. The major concepts that should be incorporated into the teacher’s health education plan include: signs and symptoms of peanut allergies, the boy’s previous experiences with anaphylaxis, the necessary emergency response practices, his emergency plan, and the approved foods that he should be given (Russell, Gosbee, & Huber, 2012).
Materials needed: Case Study, Teaching Plan templates, Hockenberry & Wilson (2011) text as the main reference.
|Behavioral Objective Addressed & Time Needed for Teaching to Each Objective||Content Outline/Script||Developmental/Cognitive/Cultural/Spiritual/Holistic Rationale Addressed||Evalation Strategy|
|1. Encouragement of an in-depth understanding of peanut allergy and its symptoms. |
2. Training the boy’s grandmother and teacher on ways of administering the medication to the boy whenever he encounters the allergy.
|-The first objective is to ensure that the boy, his father, grandmother and teacher understand the signs and symptoms of the allergy (Rentfro, Hockenberry, & McCampbell, 2011). |
-The second objective is to train his grandmother and teacher on the most effective ways of administering the medication to the boy (Rentfro, Hockenberry, & McCampbell, 2011).
-The second objective will include training his grandmother and teacher on the perfect time to administer the medication.
|The teaching plan mainly addresses the implementation stage of the nursing process. The teaching plan assists in designing the ways in which each of the characters involved can help the patient. The teaching plan brings about various trainings for the boy, his grandmother, father and teacher. All of them should rely on the training sessions to ensure that the he is safe and to assist him fast whenever he experiences the allergy (Rentfro, Hockenberry, & McCampbell, 2011).||-The evaluation phase of the nursing process assists to determine whether the teaching plan has helped the individuals involved in the case study to achieve the main goals and objectives that are stipulated in the plan. |
-The most effective way to carry out the evaluation is to determine whether the boy has responded to the treatment strategy outlined in the plan.
-The understanding of the participants regarding the peanut allergy will also be evaluated through questions and responses.
James, J. M., Burks, W., & Eigenmann, P. (2012). Food allergy. New York, NY: Elsevier Saunders.
Rentfro, A. R., Hockenberry, M. J., & McCampbell, L. S. (2011). Study guide for Wong’s nursing care of infants and children. London: Elsevier Mosby.
Russell, A. F., Gosbee, L. L., & Huber, M. M. (2012). Part 2: Pertinent food allergy education in a pediatric ambulatory care setting with a focus on anaphylaxis. Journal of Asthma and Allergy Educators, 3(4), 162-71.