Nola Pender’s Health Promotion Model

Summary of the Theoretical Concept

Nola Pender’s health promotion model theory develops frameworks and policies that enhance health issues and concerns. It has the conception of health from a multidimensional perspective as a positive, ever-changing, and natural aspect of personal health. Nola (2011) describes individual attributes, psychology in cognitive progression and development, and the outcomes, specifications, and measurements that affect the various metrics surrounding personal health concerns. In the individual health concept, the subsequent effects are strictly determined by person-specific attributes about the variables defined in specifications. The theory focuses on nursing activities that build a culture of health promotion as acceptable behavior, which culminates in high levels and standards of health discipline for individual health behavior. Also, it resonates with significant indents that seek to define preferences that ultimately aid robust perceptive activities that predominantly build towards the enhancement of health as a continuous process. It relates to a view that the health aspect is not a one-time issue concern in the nursing sector but a series of activities that predominantly calls for self-discipline. It enhances practices to help mitigate health issues and positive outcomes that accompany the same.

Regarding the personal scope, biological definitions, psychological development, and social-cultural issue concerns are determinants of the evaluation and analysis of the given behaviors to achieve an agreed factor of rationale. Therefore, positive impacts in the health setting are the only issues that satisfy the need for activity progression toward healthy practice methods. It also relies on self-disciplines ability, in which an individual can enact and implement activities at the personal level to aid in developing a progressive health program.

The model asserts that the individual controls processes and activity changes that shape the personal health approach in a given setting. The experts involved in healthcare service providers assume a significant role in shaping the concerned individual placement setting. It is further viewed with concerns regarding behavioral standards and how they influence health-promotion cultures. Those in the environmental improvements towards health promotion and behaviors positively impact the approach towards the same values personally. Implementing the theory is seamless and easy, as it can be fast-tracked into integration with any community health propositions, with the view of enhancing patients’ health state and aversion to factors that contribute to disease infections. The theoretical model is essential due to the need to uphold the processes that promote health aspects due to the changes, some of which are complex, in the current health environment.

Discussion: Assumptions, Limitations, and Strengths

The theoretical model has the following assumptions, which constitute the issues that it disregards in the context in which the key performance metrics in enacting and implementing the personal level discipline in health promotion. They provide for the issue concerns that are overriding in implementing Nola Pender’s theory in approaching the health concept scopes at the individual level, thus proposing an ideal environment for the model implementation (Khoshnood et al., 2020, p. 4). The individuals of individual discussion targets have activities related to how they want to regulate their attribute characteristics actively. It relates to the personal needs to avert away from the provisions of the model about the needs and requirements definitions to enable progressive health promotion activities.

The second assumption regarding the implementation of the model is that the individuals work towards self-improvement and upgrading the environment setting. It will create a healthy environment setting that allows for effectiveness in the course actions that constitute effective management for the standards at the community level in health promotion. Nurses and other healthcare support experts are viewed as making the patients interpersonal skills and impacting the concerned individuals within the environments of definition over a given time.

Finally, implementation of the theory model assumes that the environment setting is impacted by self approach as interactive and practical aspects results in visible changes. The limitation of Nola Pender’s theory is its failure to address the issue concerns that get out of the assumption provisions, such as when other external influences are significant enough to change personal behavior. The theory has its strength basing on the ease of integration into community health frameworks to aid in impacting the promotion of levels of health as a build-up towards the comprehensive health bill. The portrayal of the model and how it was utilized to direct a nursing research project should be valuable to other insightful groups as they plan their exploration and decipher, concentrating on outcomes inside the nursing hypothesis. Data acquired from our continuous exploration adds to the assortment of writing recommending that the Levine Conservation Model is a robust system for planning and testing hypothesis-based exercise intercessions to relieve disease-related weariness. Our experience, pertinent on a global level, firmly upholds the benefit of utilizing an applied model as a system for nursing research.


In designing the methodology for the study towards the effectiveness of the theory model, both quantitative and qualitative analyses have been used. They point to the research activities carried out to depict the various components that surround the multiple need factors and the assumption to enable an effective solution process towards identifying the strengths and weaknesses of the model. Study to show the relationship between the beliefs held by nurses regarding the needs, at the personal levels for the implementation of health-promoting strategies used metrics of Exercise Barrie and Benefits scale. It showed a positive relationship between the exercise skills and the factors that build towards physical activity procedures in upholding and promoting the relevant health practice behaviors.

The audit assembled information concerning individuals’ self-feasibility, engagement, social assistance, decisions, and commitment to guaranteed work. Additional data, including age, weight file, and pubertal state, were in like way assembled. The picked test was from eight charming schools concerning low-monetary, metropolitan districts, which recalled adolescent youngsters for the fifth through eighth grades. The survey followed the teens through a multi-week time as they went through a functioning work implementation. The goal was to look at whether introducing an operational work implementation would encounter moderate-to-blasting original work.

The experts picked the achievement development model due to its past achievement in investigating the explanations. Explanations for thriving driving behavior in different gathered HPM, which includes three parts that affect individual lead credits, direct express experiences, and effect, social prospects including assurance a strategy. The outline assessed the relationship of the achievement development model with the comprehension for moderate to overpowering incredible work among adolescent youngsters. The results found that self-sensibility was the chief factor to affect the commitment to guaranteed work. Extraordinarily, the outline did not see that social assistance, decisions for dynamic work, or obligation to fundamentally affect responsibility to direct to controversial work in like manner; there was no relationship with the specific, intentional parts of the teenagers (Fidanci et al., 2017, p. 441). Opening the survey to other age get-togethers, sexual headings, and social classes could, in like manner, test the outline’s theory.

To augment original work among this general public, interventions should be set up to empower autonomy. Inside the thriving development model, self-good judgment, as far as anyone knows, was an immense marker for moderate-to-blasting real work among adolescent young women. School clinical escorts recognize an essential part in examining the potential obstructions of their understudy people and outlining key stages to assist dynamic with working in powerless individuals.

The picked subject party included fifty old Iranian women going to the Gonabad metropolitan Health place to treat diseases. The combined data gathered using Russell’s UCLA structure outline and questions were spread outward on Pender’s Health Promotion Model. Pender’s development model assembles its implementation structure concerning assessing the allowed people (Bessa et al., 2019, p. 29). Reviews included treatment of data sets to find the edge that defines the contextual correlations. The parties expected to deal with the client’s social exchanges and to push self-reasonableness. The results showed a reduction in problems in the subjects in the intervention strategies.

The studies assert that Pender’s proliferate advancement model can be used as a strategic approach for clinical experts to implement direct change actions to improve health promotions at the personal level. By baffling despondent in this comprehensive local area, we can decrease the likelihood of pity and other vivacious success. Standard methodologies in attracting inconvenience include: having a pet, pack treatment, planning, music treatment, sharing memories, and getting ready society to be all the more acceptable to the making framework. Clinical escorts can use the prospering advancement model to blend in with these implementations to help with beginning behavior changes, in conclusion, ruin hopelessness.

Data collection from individuals was obtained using studies completed at the pre-test and post-two-month time frame. The alleviation interventions included enlightening presentations, round table conversations, and party discussions. It showed Pender’s thriving development model based on getting ready achieved an improvement in solid lead. The outline helped show the expected increases in standard provisioning (Cardoso et al., 2021, p. 75). Moving points of view from individuals and their family members prompt longstanding updates in solid practices. To encourage sound lifestyles, we need to zero in on danger factors and attract thriving practices. This outline shows the significance of the clinical benefits capable of impacting strong sound practices and driving achievement. Valuable activities should be changed to include the advancement of a healthy existence.


Nola Pender’s theory model would provide a positive environment for implementation and its integration into the individual life aspects at the different levels. It helps determine the context of metric performances to determine the effectiveness and implementation of health promotion concepts at the community level. The theoretical statements provide the basis of performance evaluation to enhance a fair approach to the issue context for ensuring a positive impact on behavioral aspects and enhancing self-discipline levels towards health promotion strategies. It enables competence and cognitive development, and psychology.

For instance, getting out of bed for patients aged fifty years and above who have had complete hip replacement improves the physical activity aspect to keep fit. Physical activity supports the enhancement of cardiovascular health and fitness and the development of the psychological element to promote flexibility, strength, pain evasion, and a positive balance for improving health status. It allows for a specific guideline adherence on an individual basis for the start of safe rehabilitation. It is a low-impact activity that requires diligence and personal-level discipline and requires minimal energy. Nola Pender’s HPM based health promotion model effectively enforces the monitored recovery process in patients with thrombosis after surgery and therefore forms a recommendation basis for developing comprehensive training programs for self-efficacy in physical practice approach towards achieving total fitness (Pender, 2011, para. 4). It is effective since it is convenient at the individual level, within the provisions of health practitioners. It has the limitations that the physical procedure practices cannot be monitored for further evaluation analysis.


To sum up, the epic speculations of the prospering advancement model strain that the individual is answerable for laying out and supporting their prosperity rehearses inside their present situation. Clinical idea providers recognize an essential part and effect in the patient’s current situation. Altogether, for a social change to occur and stay aware of, it should routinely begin. One should consider the individual’s previous lead and qualities that can impact future achievement, pushing conduct that is seen as individual worth or benefit. A conviction can be a driving fixation to achieve participation. A vital sign for commitment to thriving advancement can be refined when others are sponsors and show the lead in their present situation.

The straightforwardness of the proliferate development model attracts it to be viably changed locally thriving setting. Likewise, diseases can be prevented when achievement practices are set up locally. Given its ease of use, an achievement development model is a fundamental approach in nursing research. Today the value of sound lifestyles and practices holds higher significance as clinical assistance becomes far away for explicit individuals due to expanding costs. Pender’s prosperity development model enhances clinical effectiveness to streamline their professional support to meet their patient’s individual and standard necessities to begin a successful change.


Bessa, C. C., Silva, L. A. D., Sousa, T. M. D., Silva, V. M. D., Galvão, M. T. G., & Guedes, N.

G. (2019). Health control for celiac patients: an analysis according to the Pender health promotion model. Texto & Contexto-Enfermagem, 29.

Cardoso, R. B., Caldas, C. P., Brandão, M. A. G., Souza, P. A. D., & Santana, R. F. (2021).

The healthy aging promotion model is referenced in Nola Pender’s theory. Revista Brasileira de Enfermagem, 75.

Fidanci, B. E., Akbayrak, N., & Arslan, F. (2017). Assessment of a health promotion model on obese Turkish children. Journal of nursing research, 25(6), 436-446.

Khoshnood, Z., Rayyani, M., & Tirgari, B. (2020). Theory analysis for Pender’s health promotion model (HPM) by Barnum’s criteria: a critical perspective. International journal of adolescent medicine and health, 32(4).

Pender, N. J. (2011). Health promotion model manual.

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