Nowadays, the importance of nursing is difficult to overestimate, as it includes a significant number of different functions. Among them are, first of all, the accurate implementation of the doctor’s recommendations, carrying out all activities contributing to the restoration of the patients’ strength, and relief of their suffering. In addition, this sphere involves prevention of possible complications, and sensitive attitude to the patient.
Consequently, nursing influences the effectiveness of treatment and is an integral part of it. That is why nursing research and the implementation of nursing theories to the practice are essential to improve the quality of patient care. This essay addresses the way theories may be implemented in practice as they provide an invaluable foundation for nursing research, and give nurses some crucial practical knowledge.
Firstly, to select a suitable theory, one should define specific issues, which this theory may discuss. After that, it is necessary to choose a relevant theory and its components, which can be used in practice. For example, if a nurse wants to help a patient develop self-care skills, she can choose one of the most popular theories in nursing is the Deficit Nursing Theory of Dorothea Orem. The author of the model considers the patient as a person responsible for the state of his health.
According to this model, nursing interventions are aimed at the prevention of diseases and the traumatization of the patient. Much attention is paid to teaching the patient and his or her relatives the methods of care (Hartweg, 2015). The next step is to ensure that the implication of the chosen theory has enhanced the effectiveness of nurses’ work and improved the quality of patient care.
Hartweg, D. L. (2015). Dorothea Orem’s self-care deficit nursing theory. In Smith, M. C., & Parker, M. E. (Eds.). Nursing theories and nursing practice (pp. 105-132) (4th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: F.A. Davis.