Hospital Nursing Leadership Styles and Patient Mortality

Research Topic

The article “The Contribution of Hospital Nursing Leadership Styles to 30-day Patient Mortality” is based on research conducted in 2010 to show the relationship between nursing leadership style and patient outcomes. The research topic focuses on how nursing and physician staffing influence patients’ health. Nursing leadership is needed in healthcare because it creates safer practice environments for a patient (Cummings et al., 2020). The article aims to examine nursing leadership styles’ contribution to patient outcomes, especially in 30-day mortality.

The Literature Review

The literature review revealed that few researchers found relationships between mortality rates and nursing leadership despite an association between patient mortality and hospital organization. Researchers have identified a relationship between the nursing leadership styles and the healthcare environment, which in turn affects patient mortality. The literature review also revealed that transformational leadership styles reduce adverse patient events and enhance patient satisfaction (Cummings et al., 2010). The theory is that leadership contributes to positive outcomes in organizations, including those that deal with healthcare.

Methodology and Results

The study is a quantitative analysis of data from institutions, patients, and nurses. The Alberta Nurse Survey provided the nursing data that was used in the study. Patient data, including discharge abstracts, health, and mortality status, were retrieved from the Canadian hospital’s inpatient databases. The role of leadership among nurses in influencing patient mortality over 30 days was determined in the data analysis process. The research results indicated that high-resonant leadership styles were associated with fewer mortality rates than poor leadership styles.

Discussion and Recommendations for Future Research

The study found new knowledge by testing several models to identify the contribution of hospital nursing leadership styles to patient mortality based on the absence or presence of emotional intelligence. It was found that high resonant leadership styles have the lowest mortality in 30 days (Cummings et al., 2010). The factors that influenced mortality in patient outcomes included communication skills, management skills, and leadership’s positive and negative attributes. However, it could be recommended to research the effects of leadership styles on patient outcomes.

Critique of the Article

The research tested the impact of the leadership style adopted on patient outcomes. The study intended to determine the relationship between patient outcomes and leadership styles (Cummings et al., 2010). The leadership theory is relevant to research because patient outcomes are dependent on the healthcare institution setting and environment. Nursing leadership is an essential component of the healthcare environment. The results were consistent with the theory because patient factors such as length of stay, satisfaction, and complications improved with high resonant leadership styles. Hence, they reflected the theoretical approach that leadership contributes to positive outcomes.

Clinical Implications of Findings

The quality of the Saudi healthcare system will be dependent on the nature of the leadership style adopted by nursing professionals. This study is relevant because it shows how nursing leadership styles contribute to patient mortality. Hence, the Saudi government and other policymakers must invest in leadership training among healthcare professionals (Almuhsen et al., 2017). The research has shown that patient outcome or 30-day mortality are affected by the nursing leadership style. Therefore, positive leadership can help lower mortality and improve Saudi’s healthcare outcomes.

Personal Reflection

I now believe that the Saudi healthcare system must try to improve nursing leadership skills to enhance patient outcomes and lower mortality rates. Leadership is a critical component that influences the success of every organization. I would like to see more leadership training among healthcare professionals in Saudi. There should be an emphasis on the particular leadership style adopted because each leadership style has varying impacts on patient outcomes.


Almuhsen, F., Alkorashy, H., Baddar, F., & Qasim, A. (2017). Work environment characteristics as perceived by nurses in Saudi Arabia. International Journal of Advanced Nursing Studies, 6(1), 45. Web.

Cummings, G. G., Midodzi, W. K., Wong, C. A., & Estabrooks, C. A. (2010). The contribution of hospital nursing leadership styles to 30-day patient mortality. Nursing Research, 59(5), 331–339. Web.

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