The Healthy People 2030 program is a health care initiative in the United States of America. It was designed to “guide national health promotion and disease prevention efforts to improve the health of the nation” (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021, para. 1). The initiative was first enacted in 1980 and has been renewed every decade since to monitor progress in the country (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2021). According to the Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (2020a), the program aims to set measurable objectives and provide accurate data that can be used to guide national health care policy. The aim of Healthy People 2030 is to positively impact American society, stimulate research, and facilitate health promotion, disease prevention, and treatment being more affordable.
Healthy People 2030 Objectives and Leading Health Indicators
Healthy People 2030 initiative has a set of defined objectives and leading health indicators. There are 355 measurable objectives with 10-year targets that reflect high-priority public health issues in the United States (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2020b). Meanwhile, leading health indicators within the initiative are a subset of the set objectives. Specifically, the indicators include a set of 23 core objectives of the initiative aimed at improving the health and well-being of the country’s citizens (Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, 2020b). Overall, the leading health indicators focus on combating the major causes of diseases and death in the United States.
When discussing nationwide health care programs and initiatives, it should be noted that different communities experience varied health-related issues and disparities. Thus, different communities are likely to have differing community health profiles. Such profiles should be viewed as instruments to help identify high-priority issues for a specific community. According to NYC Health (2019), community health profiles reflect neighborhood health and include health indicators unique to the community. Overall, they allow to identify issues specific to the neighborhood and prioritize those problems to improve the health and well-being of the community members.
Priority Health Issues in Bronx Community District 5
Bronx community district 5 is a neighborhood in Bronx borough, New York City that includes Fordham and University Heights, Morris Heights, Mount Hope, and South Fordham. According to the NYC Health (2015) report, the community has several health concerns, including the wide prevalence of childhood asthma, new HIV diagnoses, and strokes. It should be noted that the leading causes of death in the neighborhood are heart disease, cancer, and HIV (NYC Health, 2015). These health outcomes are correlated with the low quality of air in the area, risk behavior patterns, including drug use and alcohol consumption, and lack of access to health care for a quarter of community members (NYC Health, 2015). Based on this, the high-priority health issues and disparities in community district 5 are heart disease, HIV prevalence, and health care access.
Healthy People 2030 Objectives Applicable to Bronx Community District 5
Three Healthy People 2030 initiative objectives can be utilized to address the identified health issues and disparities affecting the population of Bronx community district 5. For example, the heart disease and stroke objective aims to prevent people suffering from strokes by controlling the risk factors and ensuring patients with cardiovascular emergencies have access to treatment (“Heart disease and stroke,” 2020). In addition, objectives related to HIV, such as reducing new HIV cases and spreading the knowledge about HIV, are appropriate for the identified community (“Reduce the number of new HIV diagnoses — HIV‑03,” 2020). The initiative objective that aims to connect patients with primary care providers also fits the community (“Increase the proportion of people with a usual primary care provider — AHS‑07,” 2020). Overall, the selected objectives respond to the identified health problems and disparities in the Bronx community district 5.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2021). Healthy people. Web.
Heart disease and stroke. (2020). Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Web.
Increase the proportion of people with a usual primary care provider — AHS-07. (2020). Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Web.
NYC Health. (2015). Bronx Community District 5: Fordham and University Heights. Web.
NYC Health. (2019). 2018 community health profiles. Web.
Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2020a). Healthy People 2030 framework. Web.
Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. (2020b). Healthy people 2030 objectives and measures. Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Web.
Reduce the number of new HIV diagnoses — HIV-03. (2020). Office of Disease Prevention and Health Promotion. Web.