Ethics and Policy Concepts in Care Coordination


Ethical practices refer to applying moral values in healthcare systems to achieve quality health outcomes. It entails ethical and policy rules that are endorsed by healthcare officials to properly ensure effective healthcare services while minimizing negative traits among the nurses. Healthcare policies refer to the healthcare decisions implemented by the government or local health administrations to support the medical personnel in mastering every rule and regulation in the healthcare industry (Steaban, 2016). In this case, the presentation will provide practical learning tools on the issues affecting care coordination in homeless shelters as a community organization. I believe that every person will be able to gain vital knowledge concerning the presentation.

Ethics in Healthcare

Ethics refers to a collection of moral principles that have been used within our modern-day society to manage the behavioral practice of every person. Overtly, ethics has been applied within the healthcare system to govern how medical nurses behave. It strictly contributes to most nurses choosing right over wrong when conducting health care services to every patient. This implies that ethical practices within healthcare clinics result in ineffectual decision-making from the nursing perspective. This is because nurses can provide decisive choices that are interrelated with the upright standards of society. Consequently, they result in healthcare development and growth in different communities. It is imperative to introduce ethical conduct in the provision of care coordination when focusing on homeless shelters, which is a community support group that assists homeless people.

Healthcare Policies

The healthcare policy refers to the actions that have been anticipated and implemented by the health organization in governing specific people who, in this context, are the medical personnel. The policies are established to achieve a lucid outcome. The government has been given the mandate to create policies that enhances the health efficiency and effectiveness of netizens’ life within the country. Health policies have been developed within our contemporary society to improve quality healthcare delivery to community members and reduce high levels of discrimination and other social factors. This implies that policy factors implemented within the healthcare system positively affect health outcomes. The policies can be ratified within the community organization of homeless shelters to improve the services rendered in the community.

Care Coordination

Care coordination refers to organizing and planning effective patient care among different interdisciplinary staff members when sharing information with the participant involved. Implementing policies and ethical factors should be fundamentally applied to enhance care coordination (Steaban, 2016). Precisely, care coordination in organizing home shelter programs will strengthen the healthcare needs of every member, thus reducing health disparities significantly. In other words, care coordination ties people while ensuring active participation in home shelter programs within the community to receive quality health care services. It synchronizes the process of healthcare provision that involves different types of health professionals who work concomitantly to mitigate health social problems such as the issue of homelessness and other social health issues.

Home Shelters

Homeless shelters typically offer sanctuaries for people that lack crucial desires within society, such as homes. Correspondingly, they provide other essential services since homeless people develop health discrepancies that require instantaneous concern. It is domineering to implement ethical and health policies within such community programs, which will result in the provision of quality and affordable healthcare services to homeless people (Phillips et al., 2017). The policies include Healthcare for the Homeless Program. The significant impact of ethical practices is that it ensures homeless individuals are protected and their rights are observed to the latter. Implementing ethical practices and health policies within the homeless shelters in the community lessens healthcare costs where every person is treated and taken care of irrespective of their background.

Policies for Care Coordination

The primary healthcare policy is the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act, enacted in 2010. It addresses the health insurance coverage of every person and ensures quality access to affordable health treatment. The policy can be used by homeless people to improve their health care outcomes within the homeless shelters. Unequivocally, Medicare and Medicaid are the other health policy introduced in 1945. It increases access to healthcare outcomes for countless people, including the homeless, and develops care coordination programs. Another policy includes Healthcare for the Homeless Program, which focuses on community organizations to improve and create health coordination among homeless people. Besides, the Affordable Care Act creates equality in providing healthcare services to every person in the community (Moini & Moini, 2017). Finally, the Health Insurance Portability and the Accountability Act developed in 1996, is currently used in home shelters to enhance quality healthcare measures and care coordination (Moore & Frye, 2019).

Government Policies with Ethical Dilemmas

Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act is one of the policies with ethical dilemmas. The policy is unclear when it comes to the confidentiality of the patient. Confidentiality is one of the vital concepts that should be analyzed. However, when policy lacks intelligibility, it causes ethical issues in the healthcare system. Nonetheless, the Affordable Care Act also depicts an ethical quagmire. This is due to the volume of individuals requiring healthcare access and the lack of medical insurance. Medicare and Medicaid health care policy showcase ethical dilemmas due to the diversification of the current society. This makes it difficult for the health organization to identify individuals covered by this health program.

Impact of Ethical Principles

Ethical factors in care coordination should be administered when conducting healthcare services. It involves individuals doing right over wrong within the healthcare system. If used appropriately, they maintain proper health care delivery to every person. The primary ethical factors include autonomy, beneficence, nonmaleficence, and justice. It controls the nursing industry that renders health care services to the people of the community.

Analysis of the ANA Code of Ethics

The code offers guidelines that boost the care continuum and coordination. It allows nurses to practice respect and work with compassion for the dignity of each individual. Also, it identifies the commitment of nurses to the patients. Nevertheless, it provides the necessary skills for nurses to improve their advocacy when interacting with patients (Moore & Frye, 2019). Lastly, it identifies the importance of interdisciplinary partnership hence increasing care coordination among sick people. This analysis indicates how the code of ethics improves care coordination within the healthcare fraternity.

Social Determinant

The success of care coordination requires individuals to identify some of the social determinants which act as vital concepts in the healthcare system. They include the social and environmental circumstances within a particular region. They have been used in determining the well-being of every person in society. Healthy people 2020 has documented social determinants as essential in achieving healthcare programs. Care coordination should use the knowledge of social determinants in addressing the issues related to homeless shelters (Kelley, 2020). The examples of social determinants correlated with care coordination include access to healthcare, resource availability, socio-economic condition, exposure to crime, social support, and availability of community resources.


In summary, the presentation has analyzed the topic related to ethical and policy factors that enhance care coordination in the healthcare system. Ethical dilemmas have been analyzed that prevent the adequate provision of health care services of some government policies. Analysis of the impact of the ethical code of conduct and the ANA code has been observed to portray healthcare coordination in the community. They have enshrined every rule that can shape the nurses’ practices which results in the reduction of health disparities within homeless shelters and globally.


Kelley, A. (2020). An overview of public health evaluation and the social determinants of health. Public Health Evaluation and the Social Determinants of Health, 1-18.

Moini, J., & Moini, M. (2017). The Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act. Fundamentals of U.S. Health Care, 35-55.

Moore, W., & Frye, S. (2019). Review of HIPAA, Part 1: History, protected health information, and privacy and security rules. Journal of Nuclear Medicine Technology, 47(4), 269-272.

Tønnessen, S., Ursin, G., & Brinchmann, B. S. (2017). Care-managers’ professional choices: Ethical dilemmas and conflicting expectations. BMC Health Services Research, 17(1).

Phillips, M. H., Kronenfeld, D., & Jeter, V. (2017). A model of services to homeless families in shelters. Housing The Homeless, 322-334.

Steaban, R. L. (2016). Health care reform, care coordination, and transformational leadership. Nursing Administration Quarterly, 40(2), 153-163.

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