African-American History Before 1877

The slave trade period resulted in an emergence of abolitionists who were motivated by conscience and guided by belief. Their efforts resulted in civil war as a result of the split between North And South America. At the beginning of their campaign they were abused and denounced encountering all the evil that entailed.

The movements started by abolitionists in the nineteenth century were aimed at ending slavery since it was considered that it was a right for the whites to have ownership of the blacks i.e. (the strong ruling the weak). This factors significantly contributed to the materialization of the abolitionists. The argumentative aspects of the abolitionists in African-American history before 1877 mostly entailed the abolition of slavery. The restrictions based on slavery entailed that few slaves could marry or own property which seemed provocative to the needs of one’s life. Abolitionists saw that they were deprived of the democratic and unrestricted movement that could allow them to effectively communicate and have unique influence and public roles.

What was in mind by abolitionists was that slavery was considered a national sin and that all the American inhabitants had to consider this aspect critically and return the slaves back to, their ancestral homes in Africa. The abolitionist was more concerned about the harsh conditions experienced by slaves. During the Civil War, there emerged antislavery organizations which became effective as they deployed various forms of resistance and later continued to be more radical resulting at the end of the slave trade. There was the use of nonviolent and non-political resistance by the abolitionists to gain liberation.

This was to be attained without repatriation. Moral suasion seemed to be the obliged solution in the attainment of freedom by the liberationist6. Some abolitionists opposed the use of violence in the attainment of liberation hence sought to shun away from the civil war but at the same time welcomed the fastening of emancipation. Another presentation of their grievances was the use of vivid images and ferocious words. They employed magnificent language to shock people into action against slavery. Pictures were also used to evoke their attitudes towards slavery.

Evangelical Influences played a key role in suppressing the slave trade i.e. The growing pressure of evangelical religion, with its religious enthusiasm, provided a moral urgency to end sinful practices enhancing the vision of human perfection.

The abolitionist goals were not supported since they were seen as creating economic instability and as a major threat to the racial social order. Majority of the people considered slavery as an acceptable occurrence while only a few so this as a wrong idea. The responses received especially the perpetrators of the slave trade were negative in that the slaves were the machinery in place working hard and doing especially all the work that was at hand ad from this the anti-abolitionist saw that these services were dearly needed. The slaves participated in most of the work in plantations and mines. In Philadelphia for example there was anti-black and abolitionist violence mainly emerging from the workers of that state who feared that the release of the slaves would result in a decrease and a competition of their jobs with the freed slaves.


  1. William Brown W. The anti-slave harp Boston: Bela Marsh, 1848
  2. Tappan, Lewis, Address on Social and Political Evils of Slavery (New York: S.W. Benedict, 1843), pp 4,17
  3. W,Goodell, Slavery, and Anti-Slavery (1852), pp 140-142
  4. Gary B. Nash. Race and Revolution. Land ham, MD: Rowan & Litchfield Publishers, Inc., 2001.
  5. Mary, D Jones. The emergence of the civil war oxford University press, 1946.
  6. Robin D.G. Kelley and Earl Lewis, To Make Our World A History of African Americans to 1880 (Oxford University Press, 2005)
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